Footnotes Intro duction In July , after great trepidation, I finally decided to revise this essay. It was my website’s last major essay to be revised, in order to align my site with my big energy essay. To do justice to this essay’s subjects would take months of work, but I do not have the time or emotional reserves to do it. When I wrote the first draft of this essay in , it was a harrowing ordeal and the process inspired me to quit drinking, which I accomplished the next year. This essay will not be an enjoyable read, particularly for Americans. The beg innings of warfare can be seen in today’s chimpanzees, who are our closest biological cousins. They are the only great ape to form ranked hunting parties and engage in warfare , with the goal of eliminating a neighboring band. If the aggressors succeed in killing all adult males in a neighboring band, they will then take the females as “booty,” kill all the acquired females’ infants , and acquire the neighboring territory.
Contact Author I recently purchased 10 pounds of vintage buttons. The seller said they were old but I didn’t realize just how old they were. There were many yellow and brown toned buttons that I am pretty sure used to be white. There were buttons ripped off of old clothes, and the small ripped pieces of fabric definitely looked to be from decades past. There were a few that had cracked apart.
Nacre (/ ˈ n eɪ k ər / NAY-kər also / ˈ n æ k r ə / NAK-rə), also known as mother of pearl, is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some molluscs as an inner shell layer; it also makes up the outer coating of pearls.
Numerous Turritella gastropod shells washed up on a beach at Playa Grande, Costa Rica Certain species of gastropod seashells the shells of sea snails can sometimes be common, washed up on sandy beaches, and also on beaches that are surrounded by rocky marine habitat. Polyplacophorans[ edit ] Loose valves or plates from Chiton tuberculatus from the beachdrift on the southeast coast of Nevis , West Indies Chiton plates or valves often wash up on beaches in rocky areas where chitons are common.
Chiton shells, which are composed of eight separate plates and a girdle, usually come apart not long after death, so they are almost always found as disarticulated plates. Plates from larger species of chitons are sometimes known as “butterfly shells” because of their shape. Cuttlebone from a Sepia sp. Shells of 3 species of Nautilus Only a few species of cephalopods have shells either internal or external that are sometimes found washed up on beaches. Some cephalopods such as Sepia , the cuttlefish, have a large internal shell, the cuttlefish bone , and this often washes up on beaches in parts of the world where cuttlefish are common.
Spirula spirula is a deep water squid-like cephalopod.
March 23, Here at Farmhouse Fabrics we adore our mother of pearl buttons. Some vintage button finds! We thought we would share our research with our readers. Mother of pearl buttons are cut from shells. A German button manufacturer named John Frederick Boepple came to the United States to avoid tariffs and to find a steady source of shell.
He found that the bend of the Mississippi River near Muscatine caused shells to accumulate-perfect conditions for mother of pearl button making.
Mother of pearl buttons are created out of the shells of marine and freshwater molluscs. The production technology is quite simple, yet not that easy: the flat buttons are cut .
Sold Items This page is reserved for past sold items. Item Rare sixth plate tintype of two wounded Federal infantryman. The pair stand on a front porch with a paneled door behind them and glass dormers on either side. Those are some seruious porch planks! Each favors an opposite leg as they hold themselves up on crutches. Both men are dressed in frock coats and sporting felt caps. One of the men has the Greek cross for the 6th Corps pinned to the breast of his coat.
There was an oval mat on this at one time which you can faintly see the outline of. It’s not very often you see content like this one.
Contact Author I recently purchased 10 pounds of vintage buttons. The seller said they were old but I didn’t realize just how old they were. There were many yellow and brown toned buttons that I am pretty sure used to be white.
Identifying mother of pearl If your buttons are made of tagua nut and mother of pearl, they are probably dated s – s, though some manufacturers use this material to this day (though very, very rarely). Casein buttons were popular until s, and so were celluloid buttons. They were substituted with modern plastics, which was more resistant to machine washing etc, along the s and no longer .
These buttons aren’t really made from pearls, but made of “mother of pearl,” or out of the clam or mussel shell. These were prevalent in times past, but now are harder to find and often expensive, if you do find them. Most mother of pearl or shell buttons today are made in Asia. Muscatine has a fantastic Pearl Button Museum See Mississippi River pearls. You won’t be disappointed! Apparently, the modern washing machines and soaps would deteriorate the pearl buttons, making them impractical.
However, you still find them on better made garments
Don’t just succumb to the wishes of your brothers. Take a step back, take a look at one another. You need to know the difference between a father and a lover. Sigmund Freud had a lot to say about the Oedipus and Electra complexes, and could find subtext in quite a lot of places. But in Big Screwed Up Families , Deadly Decadent Courts , particularly abusive households and elsewhere, one is likely to find examples of this trope. When this trope shows up in media, it’s usually used to highlight the specific psychological issues that a character has, particularly if it features in the backstory of a Serial Killer or other psychopath, or to give an already nasty villain that extra bit of shudder factor.
The Business of War. By Wade Frazier. Revised July Introduction. The Business of War. The “Good War” Brown Shirts in America. A Brief History of Western Anti .
Or you found some nice vintage jewelry at a yard or garage sale or at the thrift shop. Whether you plan to keep the jewelry as a family heirloom or would like to resell it, a knowledge of vintage jewelry marks will help you to identify and date it properly. Marks commonly used in vintage silver jewelry Purity marks for older silver pieces can differ from those commonly seen today.
Various gold purity marks commonly found on vintage and antique jewelry A hallmark can also include other marks, such as: Patent numbers are especially helpful when dating older vintage jewelry, and will be covered in a separate article in this series. Hallmarks on Period Jewelry It includes silver marks from many countries and you can access it here: As a general rule, signatures without a copyright symbol indicate the piece was manufactured prior to
Mother of pearl
Having to write the word button in this article is difficult. Actually hearing the word is revolting, and I avoid saying it unless absolutely necessary. Model Poppy Delevingne, sister of Cara, admitted to the same syndrome in a recent interview. As a child, she wore a thick duffel coat all year round and refused to switch to her school mackintosh because, according to the strange common pattern of this phobia, she has no trouble with toggles or large metal buttons of the kind found on jeans.
But shiny plastic ones make her want to vomit. Still think the fear of buttons is weird?
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The Memar and Silette focus by estimation. The Super Silette has rangefinder focusing. This is the original and simplest model apparently produced from until the early s. Sears advertised the Memar as “simplicity and quality at a low cost. It has an Agfa Apotar 45mm f3. Apertures go to f Focus is set by rotating the focus ring in front with focus from 3 feet to infinity. It is not a rangefinder – focus distance is set by estimation.
Behind the focus ring is the shutter speed selection ring. The aperture ring is behind that, closest to the camera.
Metal These buttons were made from a variety of pure metals and alloys. Though you may find an occasional sterling, gold or pewter button, most metal buttons were made from brass and copper. CC- if these buttons are one- piece they can be cleaned with water and dried quickly.
The button—with its self-contained roundness and infinite variability—has a quiet perfection to it. Running a cascade of buttons through your fingers feels satisfyingly heavy, like coins or.
In Part One, young Robert must face up to his fate as a sissy bride under the new “Virile Male” laws. His mother and his aunts help prepare him for the wedding and the wedding night with an illustrated brochure. Will it help him accept his new role, or will he succumb to the humiliation? In Part Two, we follow young Robert’s continuing journey into womanhood; his wedding, and the fateful wedding night.
Did he learn anything from reading the brochure? Join Robert, now “Trisha” as his journey is completed. Hear his most inner thoughts and feelings as he is humiliated into sissyhood at the hands of his mother, his aunts, his ex-girlfriend, and his husband! Wedding Preparations “Time to get you ready, Bobbie! I can’t do this!
I’m not a girl, I’m a guy. We’ll have none of that young lady. I don’t want to have to re-do your makeup again, we’ve less than an hour until the ceremony begins.